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description and pictures of 5 popular hummingbird species found in North America

Allen’s Hummingbird

allen's hummingbird
Allen’s Hummingbird

Location: Found on the West Coast, between Southern Oregon and Northern California, usually between the months of January and September.

Description: Males have a green back and crown, red throat, white breast and tail. Females are green with red flecks on the throat and a white breast.

Favorite Flowers: Columbine, hedge nettle, monkey flower, tree tobacco, California fuchsia, penstemon, paintbrush, morning glory, madrone, lupine, agave, eucalyptus, honeysuckle, sage

Habitats: Brushlands, woodlands, canyons, gardens, parks, mountain meadows.

Additional Info: Outer tail feathers of males vibrate in display.

Anna’s Hummingbird

anna's hummingbird
Anna’s Hummingbird

Location: California, Arizona, occasionally found in Pacific Northwest, often found in urban areas.

Description: Males have green back with red throat and crown. Females are green with a small patch of red on throat. Both sexes have light gray and green undersides.

Favorite Flowers: Chinese lantern, fuchsia, honeysuckle, lantana, eucalyptus, bottlebrush, red-hot poker, citrus, monkey flower.

Habitats: Canyons, woodlands, gardens, mountains

Additional Info: Males have incredibly steep diving skills. Anna’s Hummingbirds occasionally starve to death when bees or wasps become impaled on their bills.

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

ruby-throated hummingbird
Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Description: Males have a green back and crown, with a red throat and white underside. Females are green above, and sometimes have small dark spots on their throat, which is usually white.

Location: Eastern U.S. and Canada, south across Great Plains into eastern Texas.

Favorite Flowers: Bee balm, trumpet creeper, coral bells, columbine, morning glory, honeysuckle

Habitat: Woodlands, meadows, streamsides, parks, gardens

Additional Info: The ruby-throated hummingbird is one of the best-known hummingbirds in North America. It is the only hummingbird that’s found in the eastern United States

Blue-throated Hummingbird

blue-throated hummingbird
Blue-throated Hummingbird

Description: Plumage is dull compared to other hummingbirds. Males have a green back and crown, with a blue throat and gray underside. Females have a green back and crown, with a gray throat and gray underside. Both sexes have long black tails with white spots in the corner.

Location: Southern Arizona, southern New Mexico, and western Texas

Favorite Flowers: Gila, sage, penstemon, agave, columbine, lobelia, honey-suckle, California fuchsia.

Habitat: Streamsides of mountain canyons and valleys, gardens.

Additional Info: The Blue-throated hummingbird is the largest hummingbird that breeds in North America. It is approximately three times larger than the Ruby-throated Hummingbird and beats its wings at about half the rate of most smaller hummingbirds, approximately 23 times per second.

Rufous Hummingbird

rufous hummingbird
Rufous Hummingbird

Description: The Rufous Hummingbird is known for its striking colors. Males are a brownish orange with a green crown, while females are green.

Location: Most of the western U.S., northward through British Columbia to southeastern Alaska, occasionally along the Gulf Coast and in Oregon and Idaho.

Favorite Flowers: Madrone, gilia, skyrocket, lungwort, honeysuckle, columbine, agave, paintbrush

Habitat: Woodlands, meadows, mountains, lowlands, chaparral, stream-sides, parks, gardens.

Additional Info: Rufous Hummingbirds have a reputation for extremely fast flying and extraordinary maneuverability. They are tough birds and often intimidate other species of hummingbirds.

Other Hummingbird Species

Want more information about different hummingbirds? Check out our bird guide selection. Want to attract hummingbirds to your yard? Check out our hummingbird feeder page.

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